We sell our nursery stock in many different types of containers. Plastic or fibre pots are the most popular on our yard. We also have balled in burlap and packaged stock. When you are planting the type of container is as important as the type of soil in which you plant.
The type of soil and how you plant in it are the key factors in the transplanting of nursery stock. With most soils (loam, sandy, clay) peatmoss and manure or compost are good additives. With the amount of heavy clay soils in our area these soil additives are extremely important in the success of your landscape.
When planting make sure all broken roots are pruned. Work in soil around roots to eliminate air pockets. Plants may require staking.
Balled in Burlap
When planting, dig the hole and then set the plant in. Always untie the burlap that is around the main trunk and pull it back. Also, slit the burlap in several places to quicken the rooting process.
Do not remove the pot. These pots rot when completely covered with soil. Make sure you break or cut off the hard lip of the pot. Also, slit the pot with a sharp knife in several places.
Remove the pot. If the roots of container grown plants have occupied all of the soil in the container and in any way appear ‘root-bound’, use your hands or a knife to loosen the roots on the side and bottom.
Planting in Moist Soils
- Dig the hole at least one foot wider and 6 inches deeper than the pot your plant came in. For bare root plants, use the overall size of the roots naturally spread out. For heavy clay soils, the hole should be even slightly larger and the ground level should be raised 1-2 inches to create a raised mount effect.
- Place the plant at the centre of the hole. In clay soils the bottom of the planting hole should be worked or scored with a pitchfork, shovel or iron bar to allow for better drainage and eventual root penetration. Also, in clay soils you’ll need to add 1-2 inches of soil to the bottom of the hole before placing the plant to create the raised mount effect described in #1.
- Fill the hole with soil that has had peat moss, manure/compost, and bone meal mixed in thoroughly. Soil should be packed down very well. At this point the plant should be watered in.